The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d’la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche[note 1]) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, consisting of Jersey, the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and some smaller islands. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy, and although they are not part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, it is responsible for the defense and international relations of the islands. The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the European Union. They have a total population of about 168,000, and the bailiwicks’ respective capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 16,488, respectively. The total area of the islands is 198 km2. The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century; each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands’ legislatures are in regular contact). Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature. The term “Channel Islands” began to be used around 1830, possibly first by the Royal Navy as a collective name for the islands.:15
Guernsey Bean Pot
- 2 cups lima beans soaked overnight
- 2 cups white beans soaked overnight
- 1 ham hock (whole)
- 2 tablespoons oil
- 1 onion diced
- chicken stock to cover beans and meat
- 2 bay leaves
- Salt and pepper
Drain and rinse beans, add to a dutch oven or slow cooker. In a pan add oil and saute onions until soft, add to pot or slow cooker. Add ham hock, chicken stock, bay leaves, salt and pepper. Cook for 5 hours in oven or 8 hours in slow cooker then take the meat off the bone, add back to the beans and serve with crusty bread and butter. Delish!!
Irish Red Ale or French Beaujolais Bottoms Up!